Use・Speak languages/ Fluent (synonyms, similar words, thesaurus)

Use languages

Speak

To be able to use a particular language

The man can speak English and Russian.

Know

To be able to speak a language

I know some French.

Understand

To know the meaning of words, a language, what someone says, etc.

I can understand Chinese.

Use

He uses Spanish when he talks with his parents.

Make yourself understood

To communicate effectively

I tried to make myself understood to the customs officers with some English words I know at Kennedy International Airport.

Speaker

Noun

A person who speaks a particular language

The man is a Spanish-speaker.

Fluent

Adjective

Able to speak or write a foreign language very well

She became fluent in German.

Proficient

Adjective

Able to do something well or skillfully because of training and practice

She is proficient in German and Chinese.

Bilingual

Adjective

Able to speak two languages equally well

My children are bilingual in English and Vietnamese.

Trilingual

Adjective

Able to speak three languages equally well

I am trilingual in English, Spanish and Italian.

Multilingual

Adjective

Speaking, using, or written in several different languages

Some people in my office are multilingual.

 

Stutter / Speak with difficulty (synonyms, similar words, thesaurus)

Speak with difficulty

Stammer

To speak with a lot of unusual pauses and repeated sounds because of a speech problem, nervousness, fear, excitement, etc.

“Wh-wh-when can we g-go?” I stammered.

Stutter

To speak with difficulty because you repeat the first sound of some words several times

‘I’m D-d-dan, ’ he stuttered.

Stumble

To make a mistake, such as repeating something or pausing for too long, while you are speaking, reading to someone or playing music

I stumbled over my words in my nervousness.

Fumble

If you fumble with your words while speaking, you have difficulty saying or thinking of suitable words.

He was fumbling for the right word.

Hesitate

To pause before you say or do something because you are uncertain or nervous

I hesitated for a moment and then said ‘no’.

 

 

Whisper / Say something quietly (synonyms, similar words, thesaurus)

Say something quietly

Whisper

To speak very quietly to someone so that other people cannot hear you

SW: murmur

She whispered to me that she was scared.

Murmur

To say something in a soft and quiet voice that is difficult to hear clearly or understand

My daughter murmured in my ear.

Mutter

To speak in a quiet voice that is difficult to hear, especially because you are annoyed about something, you do not want people to hear you, or you are talking to yourself

He just stood there muttering to himself.

Mumble

To say something quietly in an unclear way so that other people cannot understand you SW: mutter

My son mumbled something about not wanting to go to school.

 

Speak, Say words / Talk (synonyms, similar words, thesaurus)

Speak words

Say

To use your voice to express an idea, feeling, thought, etc. with words

I do not believe a word he says.

Speak

To use your voice to say something

She never speaks at the meetings.

Talk

To use your voice to say words

She talks too fast.

Utter

Formal

To say something

I did not utter a word during the meeting.

Articulate

To speak very clearly so that every word you say can be heard and understood

He was too drunk to articulate his words.

State

To express something formally in speech or writing, especially in a careful and clear way

She stated her intention to resign from the government.

Use

To say or write particular words

Don’t use the word in front of your little brother.

Declare

To say something firmly and clearly

SW: assert, affirm

I declared my innocence.

 

Read aloud (synonyms, similar words, thesaurus)

Read aloud

Read

To speak the words that are printed or written to other people

I read the poem to my children.

Read out

To speak the words that are printed or written, especially to other people

I read out the passage in the class.

Read aloud

To read something in a voice that other people can hear

We listened to the child reading aloud.

Recite

To say a poem, piece of literature, etc. from memory to an audience

He proudly recited the poem to the class.

Repeat

To say something from memory

My daughter can repeat her favorite poem word for word.

Repeat #2

To say something after someone else has just said it, especially in order to learn it

Listen carefully and repeat each sentence after me.

Say

To speak the words of something such as a play, a prayer, or a speech you have learned previously

My father always says the same verses from the Bible before meals.

Quote

To say or write exactly what someone else has said or written

He always quotes from the Bible.

Dictate

To say words for someone else to write down or type or for a machine to record

I spent the morning dictating the documents to my secretary.

Rehearse

To practice something you are going to do or say to someone

I need to carefully rehearse my presentation for the conference.

 

Raise / Bring up a subject (synonyms, similar words, thesaurus)

Start a subject

Raise

To present or put forward a subject for consideration or discussion

SW: broach, bring up

We were glad you raised the subject at the meeting.

Bring up

To begin to talk about a subject

I hate to bring this up, but you still owe me $100.

Broach

To begin talking about a subject that is difficult to discuss, especially because it may be embarrassing or unpleasant or cause an argument

I was dreading having to broach the subject to my manager.

Get onto something

To begin talking about a subject

We got onto the subject of the conference.

A subject comes up / arise

People begin talking about the subject.

The subject of project never came up.

Change the subject

To begin talking about something different

I tried to change the subject.

 

 

Introduce

To present something for consideration or discussion

I introduced several issues during the meeting.

Present

To offer something for other people to consider or judge

I am presenting the report at the meeting.

Put forward

To suggest an idea, plan, proposal, etc. for consideration or discussion

I put forward a few suggestions about the Christmas party.

Suggest

To put forward an idea, a plan, or an action for other people to consider

I suggested an Indian restaurant near the subway station for the party.

Propose

Formal

To put forward a plan, idea, action, etc. for other people to consider

Several politicians have proposed raising the tax.

Put forth

To suggest an idea, plan, etc. for people to consider

I put forth some alternatives.

Advance

Formal

To suggest an idea, a theory, or a plan for other people to consider or discuss

Many ideas were advanced and rejected.

 

 

Express (synonyms, similar words, thesaurus)

Express something in particular way

Express

To show a feeling, an opinion, or fact by words, looks or actions

She could not clearly express her feelings in words.

Put

To say or write something in a particular way

He rarely puts his feelings into words.

 

 

Phrase

To say or write something in a particular way

I tried to phrase the question in very simple words.

Word

To write or say something in a particular way by choosing which words to use

SW: phrase

I should have worded the message much more clearly.

Formulate

To express an idea or opinion in carefully chosen words

It took me a while to formulate my answer.

Frame

To express something by choosing your words carefully

I wondered how I was going to frame the question.

Articulate

Formal

To express your ideas, feelings, or thoughts clearly and effectively in words

Many people are unable to articulate their feelings.

Be couched in something

Formal

To be expressed in a particular way

The letter was couched in legal jargon.

 

 

Announce

To say something, especially something other people may not like, in a loud and clear way

SW: state, declare

I announced my intention to quit school.

State

To express something formally in speech or writing, especially in a careful and clear way

She stated her intention to resign from the government.

Declare

To say something firmly and clearly

SW: assert, affirm

I declared my innocence.

Assert

To state firmly that something is true

She asserts that the boy stole money from her.

Affirm

To state firmly and publicly that something is true

SW: confirm

He affirmed he had been at home all evening.

Confirm

To say that something is definitely true or correct

OPW: deny

The police confirmed that the two politicians had been arrested.

 

Describe (synonyms, similar words, thesaurus)

Describe something/someone in a particular way

Describe

To say someone or something is a particular kind of person or thing

She is described by her friends as generous and honest.

Call

To describe someone or something in a particular way

His classmates call him a liar.

Picture

To describe someone or something in a particular way

He is pictured as a serious and difficult person.

Present

To show or describe something or someone in a particular way

In his speech, he presented himself as a family man.

Depict

To describe someone or something in words or with a picture

In her speech, she depicted her father as a tyrant.

Characterize

To describe the qualities of someone or something in a particular way

He characterizes himself as middle class.

 

Describe someone / something unfairly

Represent

To describe someone or something in a particular way, especially in a way that is not fair

I represent myself as an expert, but I know nothing.

Label

To describe someone or something in a particular way, especially unfairly or incorrectly

Many of my teachers have labeled me a troublemaker.

Portray

To show or describe someone or something in a particular way, especially when this does not give an accurate impression of what they are really like

She portrayed herself as the victim at the trial.

Paint

To describe someone or something in a particular way, especially in a way that causes people to believe something untrue

The area is not as bad as it is painted.

 

Mean / Intend (synonyms, similar words, thesaurus)

Intend to say something

Mean

Not used in the progressive tenses

To say something with a particular intention

I mean it as a compliment.

Intend

To want something to have a particular meaning

I wondered what she intended by that remark.

Suggest

To say something indirectly

Are you suggesting I look fatter?

Imply

To communicate an idea or feeling without saying or showing it directly

I am not implying anything about your cooking.  I just want to eat out tonight.

Insinuate

To say something unpleasant which is true in an indirect way

SW: imply

Are you insinuating I am lying?

Hint

To indirectly say what you are thinking or feeling

She hinted at the possibility of going back to Germany.

Intimate

Formal

To say or suggest something indirectly

They intimated that I was not welcome.

Indicate

To say or express something indirectly or briefly

During the meeting, they indicated their willingness to cooperate.

Signal

To do something to make your feelings or opinions clear

My daughter signals her discontent by raising her voice.

 

Give the impression

I always try to give the impression of being busy, so nobody will talk to me.

 

 

Agree (synonyms, similar words, thesaurus)

Agree

Agree

To have the same opinion

They have agreed with each other about their new project.

Accept

Agree

To agree to something

The couple accepted advice from their financial advisor.

Concur

Formal

To agree

They have concurred with each other about their new project.

Reach an agreement

They have reached an agreement with each other about their new project.

 

Opposite Word

Disagree

They disagree with each other about a new project.